What is an Electric Car?
Electric cars run on electricity which uses an electric motor and generates electricity from batteries or a fuel cell.Conventional cars run on petrol or diesel engines. On the other side, electric cars do react with any fuel in the combustion process to produce energy instead they simply use the electrical energy from the battery to rotate the motor present in the car which further rotates the wheels of the car. So they do not produce any pollutant gas and only run on 100% environment-friendly clean energy which is very good for the environment. Thus, “electric cars for India” is very important and useful also, because of its high efficiency and Eco-friendly battery.
Need of Electric Cars
Air pollution is a global challenge in the 21st century and we ourselves are responsible for it. Day by day many different spices are getting obsolete because of us and we too are suffering from many diseases due to air pollution and global warming. There may be many reasons for air pollution and automobiles are one of them. Therefore adopting electric cars (EV) can reduce air pollution up to certain extent.
Diesel and petrol cars produce harmful gases such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) which are considered to be the most hazardous gases among all for human beings and other animals. Although diesel engines emit 15-20% less CO2 than petrol engines, they release more fine particles which are dangerous to health. These particles are not visible and directly affect our lungs. Apart from pollution there are other reasons to adopt “electric cars for india, they are:
1. There is a question mark of availability of fossil fuel for the next generation and we should be prepared for alternatives.
2. The technology behind designing and manufacturing internal combustion engines is much more complicated as compared to propelled motors of EVs.
3. Conventional vehicles produces more noise as compared to EVs
4. Negligible emission of pollutants and thus helps to reduce air pollution.
Types of Electric Cars
The electric cars are categorized into THREE main sections on the basis of power generated to run the vehicles. They are:
1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) run with rechargeable batteries and no internal combustion engine is associated with this class of car. The basic components of BEVs are high-capacity battery packs and a propelled motor. As compared to conventional vehicles, BEVs do not produce any harmful gases (NOX, CO2 etc.). The battery of BEVs are charged from an external charging point, this facility can be available publically like petrol pumps or at home. The performance of the charging capacity and mileage depends on various parameters. The chargers are available in various levels according to the speed with which they recharge a EVs battery. They are: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 or DC fast charging.
The level 1 charging (120v) generally is installed in houses, markets or offices and approximately it takes 8 hours to completely charge the battery. Level 2 charger (240v) is specially designed and requires a specialized service station with multi charging point. This is basically designed at a broad level for commercial purposes. The charging capacity of this level of chargers is high as compared to level one. Nowadays Level 3 charging and DC fast charging facilities are the fastest growing charging facilities in the EV market, installation of this category charger is costly but at the same time it has the ability to charge a battery within an hour.
2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have both options that means PHEVs are embedded with propelled motors with batteries and also internal combustion engines. The vehicle runs on battery till the last breath of the battery and after that the IC engine automatically starts to generate power. This class of vehicle is comparatively costly as it has additional feathers to generate power.
3. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)
This category of vehicle has both IC engine and battery with motor. The battery is charged by the car’s own braking system and is called ‘regenerative braking’ system. No additional charging device is required for this class of cars. The inbuilt AI system controls the high efficiency of the vehicle.
Comparison of Electric Car and Conventional Car
|Sl. No.||Electric car||Conventional Car|
|1.||Power received from battery||Power received from the fuel ignition system.|
|2.||Main components are battery and propelled motor||Main component is internal combustion engine|
|3.||Initial cost is high||Comparatively low|
|4.||Maintenance cost is low||Comparatively high because there are lots of rotating parts associated with the IC engine.|
|5.||Pollution is negligible||Emits harmful gases|
|6.||Not suitable for long distance travel as charging facilitates not available everywhere||There is no such issue|
|7.||Could be future car as far as pollution is concerned||Demand for conventional cars could be reduced in the near future because of technological advancement.|
Below are some of the famous “electric cars for India“
Electric Cars in India, 2020
|MODEL NAME||Mahindra E verito||Tata Tigor EV||Tata Nexon EV||MG ZS EV||Hyundai Kona Electric|
|Price Range(Lakh)||Rs.9.12 – 9.46||Rs. 9.58 – 9.90||Rs. 13.99 – 16.25||Rs. 20.88 – 23.58||Rs. 23.75 – 23.94|
|Charging time||11hours30min||11.5 hrs*||60 Min (0-80%)||6-8hours||6h 10min|
|Max Torque||91Nm@3000rpm||105Nm@2500rpm||245nm||353Nm@5000rpm||395 Nm/40.27kgm|
Automotive Future Looks Like Electric !
The future of automatic look like electric, because of the reducing battery prices up to 73% since past years
Going forward, it is our future that the price of batteries is going down by 73%, now everything can be electric in this modern era.
Without the electric car, nothing can happen because now the price of petrol and diesel is also increasing. E-rickshaws are growing as public transport in Indian cities due to lower cost of travelling and economical fares.
A drawback of electric cars is also that because of battery price, if in future it,s price reduces then it will be more useful.The demand for electric vehicles is dependent on fast-charging batteries with extended driving range.Well, lithium ion batteries are another example because of their fast charging and better performance. Except efficiency, safety is also important present in electric cars. All other countries are shifting to the potential of e-mobility. In the Make In India programme, the production of electric vehicles and their respected components is believed that it will increase the share of production in India’s GDP to 25% by the year 2022. If we use electricity as fuel then one car owner can save upto Rs. 20000 for every 5000 Km ! Thus, Electric car is the best.
You can also visit “BEST BUDGET CARS IN INDIA” ->